Manipur University One Day National Seminar on Dying of Tree Bean (Yongchak) in Manipur
Manipur University, CAU Imphal, CSIR-NEIST Imphal, ICAR Research Complex Manipur Centre, Manipur Organic Mission Agency (MOMA), Government of Manipur and The Apunba Imagi Machasing (AIMS), Manipur is organizing a One Day National Seminar on “Dying of Tree Bean (Yongchak) in Manipur: Remedies and Steps Toward Conservation” On 16th January 2021. Details are as follows:-
Title: “Dying of Tree Bean (Yongchak) in Manipur: Remedies and Steps Toward Conservation”
About the Seminar:
-Yongchak (tree bean) bears long, flat edible pods. The pod is a favourite
and delicious dish of the northeast India It is also used as fodder, dye and fish poison. It is a culinary ingredient as kangsoi (a vegetable stew) and eromba (a traditional Manipuri chutney), pickles and also consumed as Singju (a traditional Manipuri salad) in all its developmental stages starting from the green tender pods to the matured black seeds either fresh or sun-dried for future use during off-season. The branches and woods are used as firewood or as timber. It is commonly grown wild in the Jhums, forests and backyard of houses throughout North-East India without any special care.
-Growing yongchak was an excellent business. A yongchak tree can provide an income of lakhs of rupees in a season. However, withering of Yongchak due to various reasons including insect and fungus attack, unavailability of water source, change in ecosystem, reduction of plant pollinated animals like bats and lack of proper management etc. on a large scale in different parts of Manipur in the recent past is a big issue. Now, locally produced yongchak totally disappeared in the markets in Manipur. During the last decade, many cases of mass-death of yongchak have been observed seriously affecting socio-economic situation of the growers. The farmers have been compelled to look for alternative means of livelihood. Plantation of opium-poppy is also another reason for withering of yongchak. Thus, there is an urgent need for scientific and biotechnological interventions for strategizing a short term and longterm plans for the socio-economic impact, propagation and sustainable production of this important tree.
Theme and Expected Outcome:
1. To come up with a standardized agrotechniques (environment- soil & nutrients) for large scale yongchak plantation
2. To identify the elite yongchak cultivars and their large-scale plantation
3. To study the socio-economic impacts of the cultivation and mass dying of yongchak
4. Identification of the major pests and diseases and their management
5. To come up with short term (within 5 years) strategies for rejuvenation and long term (beyond 5 years) strategies
6. Establishment of a yongchak oriented research centre
7. Setting up of state and national level policy framework for plantation, management and marketing of yongchak.
Chief Guest: Dr. Najma Heptulla (Honourable Governor, Manipur)
President: Prof. Amar Yumnam, Hon’ble Vice-Chancellor, Manipur University.
Date Of Seminar: 16 January 2021
Venue: Manipur University VC’s Court Hall.